Article: article from journal or magazin.
Hypernatrémie: une question d'eau [Hypernatremia: a matter of water]
Revue Médicale Suisse
Publication types: English Abstract ; Journal Article
Hypernatremia is defined as a serum sodium concentration above the upper laboratory reference range, usually > 145 mmol/l. It is a common electrolyte disorder in the very young and the very old patient. Hospitalization itself is a risk factor for developing hypernatremia. Free water deficit is the main cause of this condition. It induces hyperosmolality and an intracellular dehydration. Clinical manifestations are mostly neurological but non-specific. A blood sample analysis is needed to establish the diagnosis. Hypernatremia is associated with a high mortality and morbidity. Treatment consists of correcting the underlying cause and the volume deficit. A brief review of this condition is proposed.
Humans, Hypernatremia/diagnosis, Hypernatremia/etiology
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