A Master's thesis.
Master (thesis) (master)
Adenocarcinoma of the pancreas: Comparative single centre analysis between ductal and mucinous type.
Université de Lausanne, Faculté de biologie et médecine
Number of pages
1. Background¦Adenocarcinomas of the pancreas are exocrine tumors, originate from ductal system, including two morphologically distinct entities: the ductal adenocarcinoma and mucinous adenocarcinoma. Ductal adenocarcinoma is by far the most frequent malignant tumor in the pancreas, representing at least about 90% of all pancreas cancers. It is associated with very poor prognosis, due to the fact that actually there are no any biological markers or diagnostic tools for identification of the disease at an early stage. Most of the time the disease is extensive with vascular and nerves involvement or with metastatic spread at the time of diagnosis (1). The median survival is less than 5% at 5 years, placing it, at the fifth leading cause of death by cancer in the world (2). The mucinous form of pancreatic adenocarcinoma is less frequent, and seems to have a better prognosis with about 57% survival at 5 years (1)(3)(4).¦Each morphologic type of pancreatic adenocarcinoma is associated with particular preneoplastic lesions. Two types of preneoplastic lesions are described: firstly, pancreatic intra-epithelial neoplasia (PanIN) which affects the small and peripheral pancreatic ducts, and the intraductal papillary-mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) interested the main pancreatic ducts and its principal branches. Both of preneoplastic lesions lead by different mechanisms to the pancreatic adenocarcinoma (1)(2)(3)(4)(5)(6)(7)(8)(9)(10).¦The purpose of our study consists in a retrospective analysis of various clinical and histo-morphological parameters in order to assess a difference in survival between these two morphological types of pancreatic adenocarcinomas.¦1.2 Material and methods¦We conducted a retrospective analysis including 35 patients, (20 men and 15 women), beneficed the surgical treatment for pancreas adenocarcinoma at the Surgical Department of University Hospital in Lausanne. The patients involved in our study have been treated between 2003 and 2008, permitting at least 5-years mean follow up. For each patient the following parameters were analysed: age, gender, type of operation, type of preneoplastic lesions, TNM stage, histological grade of the tumor, vascular invasion, lymphatic and perineural invasion, resection margins, and adjuvant treatment.¦The results from these observations were included in a univariate and multivariate statistical analysis and compared with overall survival, as well as specific survival for each morphologic subtype of adenocarcinoma.¦As a low number of mucinous adenocarcinomas (n=5) was insufficient to conduct a pertinent statistical analysis, we compared the data obtained from adenocarcinomas developed on PanIN with adenocarcinomas developed on IPMN including both, ductal or mucinous types.¦1.3 Result¦Our results show that adenocarcinomas developed on pre-existing IPMN including both morphologic types (ductal and mucinous form) are associated with a better survival and prognosis than adenocarciomas developed on PanIN.¦1.4 Conclusion¦This study reflects that the most relevant parameter in survival in pancreatic adenocarcinoma seems to be the type of preneoplastic lesion. The significant difference in survival was noted between adenocarcinomas developing on PanIN as compared to adenocarcinomas developed on IPMN precursor lesions. Ductal adenocarcinomas developped on IPMN present significantly longer survival than those developed on PanIN lesions (P value= 0,01). Therefore we can suggest that the histological type of preneoplastic lesion rather than the histological type of adenocarcinoma should be the determinant prognosis factor in survival of pancreatic adenocarcinoma.
Adénocarcinome, Pancréas, PanIN, IPMN
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