Article: article from journal or magazin.
The effect of varying stimulus rate and duration on brain activity during reading.
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov'tPublication Status: ppublish
The effect of the presentation rate and exposure duration of visually presented words on brain activity was investigated using positron emission tomography. Subjects either read aloud or silently mouthed the names of words. In regions associated with early visual analysis, activity increased with both rate and duration; in regions associated with response generation, activity increased with increasing rate but was unaffected by duration; and in regions associated with word recognition, activity decreased with increasing duration. The variable responses of different brain regions illustrate the functional segregation of these regions. Of particular interest was the dissociation between activity in the posterior fusiform gyri and that in the medial lingual gyrus--in the former, activity increased with rate and duration but the latter was unaffected by either variable. This finding suggests that word processing in the lingual gyrus during reading is distinct from that in the posterior fusiform gyri. A further observation was that during reading aloud, when subjects can hear the sound of their own voice, the response in the primary auditory cortices increased with stimulus rate, demonstrating that subjects process the sound of their own voice in a qualitatively similar way to words spoken by another.
Adult, Aged, Attention/physiology, Brain/physiology, Brain Mapping, Dominance, Cerebral/physiology, Humans, Image Processing, Computer-Assisted, Male, Middle Aged, Reading, Reference Values, Visual Pathways/physiology
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