Article: article from journal or magazin.
Energetic and metabolic cost of growth in Gambian infants.
European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
The aim of the study was to measure the energy used for growth of healthy fullterm and breast-fed Gambian infants. The weight gain (WG) of 14 infants (mean age +/- SEM 17 +/- 1 d, weight 3.581 +/- 0.105 kg) was measured over a 2-week period; the energy intake (EI) from breast milk was assessed for 24 h in the middle of the study period by weighing the infant before and after each breast-feed. On the same day, sleeping energy expenditure (SEE) and respiratory quotient (RQ) were measured for 30 min on five occasions through the 24-h period. EI averaged 502 +/- 25 kJ/kg.d, and SEE 230 +/- 6 kJ/kg.d; thus, an average of 272 kJ/kg.d were available for physical activity and the energy stored for growth. The total energy spent by infants while sleeping and for periods of physical activity was calculated to be 1.7 x SEE. The mean RQ measured on five occasions averaged 0.879 +/- 0.009. SEE was correlated with WG (r = 0.747, P less than 0.005), with a slope of the regression line of 5.5 kJ/g; this value can be considered as an estimate of the energy spent for new tissue synthesis in the resting infant. The efficiency of weight gain was lower in this study (67%) than in studies conducted on fast-growing preterm infants or children recovering from malnutrition.
Anthropometry, Energy Intake, Energy Metabolism, Evaluation Studies as Topic, Female, Gambia, Growth/physiology, Humans, Infant, Newborn, Male, Milk, Human/metabolism, Reference Values, Respiration/physiology, Sleep/physiology, Weight Gain/physiology
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