Article: article from journal or magazin.
Insulin sensitivity and exogenous insulin clearance in Graves' disease. Measurement by the glucose clamp technique and continuous indirect calorimetry
Journal Article --- Old month value: Feb
Insulin sensitivity was measured in a group of seven thyrotoxic patients and in a group of seven normal subjects by means of the glucose clamp technique. Infusion of insulin at a rate of 0.80 +/- 0.05 mU/kg X min in the hyperthyroid patients and of 0.55 +/- 0.04 mU/kg X min in the control group was performed to obtain a steady-state plasma insulin concentration of approximately 50 microU/ml. Substrate oxidation rates were measured in the postabsorptive state and during the 2 h of the clamp by means of continuous indirect calorimetry. In the postabsorptive state, hyperthyroid patients presented a preferential oxidation of lipids. During the period 60-120 min of the clamp, mean plasma glucose (92 +/- 2 versus 93 +/- 2 mg/dl), insulin (50 +/- 5 versus 58 +/- 3 microU/ml), and total glucose metabolism (5.8 +/- 0.7 versus 6.1 +/- 0.3 mg/kg X min) were similar in the hyperthyroid patients and the control subjects. The rate of glucose oxidation was higher in hyperthyroid patients than in control subjects (4.3 +/- 0.5 versus 2.2 +/- 0.2 mg/kg X min, P less than 0.001), while that of lipid oxidation was similar in both groups (0.6 +/- 0.2 versus control 0.7 +/- 0.1 mg/kg X min). The calculated metabolic clearance rate of insulin was markedly higher in the hyperthyroid patients (1144 +/- 132 ml/min) than in the normal subjects (812 +/- 56 ml/min, P less than 0.025). It is concluded that insulin sensitivity is not altered in the thyrotoxic state. The major route of insulin-stimulated glucose disposal in the hyperthyroid patients appears to be glucose oxidation.
Adult Blood Glucose/analysis *Calorimetry *Calorimetry, Indirect Fatty Acids, Nonesterified/blood Female Graves Disease/*metabolism/physiopathology Humans Hyperinsulinism/metabolism Hyperthyroidism/metabolism/physiopathology Insulin/blood/*metabolism Male Middle Aged
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