Progres et problemes dans les infections hospitalieres: l'exemple des pneumonies. [Progress and problems in hospital infections: exemplified by pneumonia]

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_7A1CB0AD1531
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Sous-type
Synthèse (review): revue aussi complète que possible des connaissances sur un sujet, rédigée à partir de l'analyse exhaustive des travaux publiés.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Progres et problemes dans les infections hospitalieres: l'exemple des pneumonies. [Progress and problems in hospital infections: exemplified by pneumonia]
Périodique
Schweizerische Medizinische Wochenschrift
Auteur(s)
Francioli  P., Prod'hom  G., Poloni  C.
ISSN
0036-7672 (Print)
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
09/1991
Volume
121
Numéro
39
Pages
1423-8
Notes
English Abstract
Journal Article
Review --- Old month value: Sep 28
Résumé
Nosocomial pneumonias have various etiologies and their development depends mainly on the underlying condition of the patients. Intubated patients are prone to development of bacterial pneumonia from the oropharyngeal or gastric flora. Prevention relies on reducing exogenous as well as endogenous colonization of the bronchotracheal tree: avoidance of cross-contamination, maintenance of a physiological gastric pH and, possibly, selective digestive decontamination. Neutropenic patients may develop invasive aspergillus infection. Prevention depends on appropriate air filtration. Patients with cellular immunodeficiency are susceptible to various agents. Prevention of legionella depends on control of the water and ventilation systems. The prevention of cytomegalovirus infection includes the screening of blood products for certain patients and, in some cases, the administration of hyperimmune gammaglobulins and possibly ganciclovir. Even though Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia is thought to be due to reactivation, recent evidence suggests that transmission may occur between patients and therefore appropriate respiratory isolation is advisable. Finally, nosocomial tuberculosis is an increasing problem in which control depends on early diagnosis and treatment of patients as well as on appropriate air exchange in particular rooms of the hospital. In conclusion, the prevention of nosocomial pneumonia includes numerous measures which largely depend on the type of microorganisms.
Mots-clé
Aspergillosis, Allergic Bronchopulmonary/immunology/prevention & control Cross Infection/*etiology/prevention & control Cytomegalovirus Infections/prevention & control Humans Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes/complications Intubation, Intratracheal/adverse effects Legionnaires' Disease/prevention & control Pneumonia/*etiology/prevention & control Pneumonia, Pneumocystis/prevention & control Tuberculosis, Pulmonary/complications
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
25/01/2008 18:07
Dernière modification de la notice
03/03/2018 18:33
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