Article: article from journal or magazin.
Lésions endothéliales des ballons de contre-pulsion intra-aortique [Endothelial lesions caused by intra-aortic counterpulsation balloons]
Swiss surgery = Schweizer Chirurgie = Chirurgie suisse = Chirurgia svizzera
Publication types: English Abstract ; Journal Article - Publication Status: ppublish
Intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) is the most frequently used mechanical circulatory support. Repeated trauma on the aortic wall has been reported as a cause of balloon perforation by endothelial denudation of atheromatous plaque. This study analyses the effect of IABP on the endothelium of the calf aorta. In 12 calves (mean weight: 72 +/- 6 kg) an IABP was inserted by femoral route and left during 6 hours on internal mode with a frequency of 80 cycles/min. The animals were sacrificed after the procedure (n = 4), at postoperative day (POD) 7 (n = 4), and at POD 14 (n = 4). In the aorta facing the balloon, nine transmural samples were taken proximally (n = 3), at mid height (n = 3) and distally (n = 3), for histological analysis of the percentage of aortic surface covered with endothelium. The percentage of aortic surface covered with endothelium at POD 0, 7 and 14 was proximally: 72.5 +/- 27.5%, 83.7 +/- 16.9% and 93.3 +/- 8.9% respectively; at mid-height: 50.8 +/- 30.7%, 65 +/- 25% and 95 +/- 5%; and distally: 31.4 +/- 20.1%, 48.3 +/- 34.4% and 85 +/- 10%. A large portion of the aortic endothelium is abraded after 6 hours of IAB pumping. This effect is more important at the distal level of the aorta. After two weeks, most of the endothelium has regenerated.
Animals, Aorta, Abdominal, Cattle, Disease Models, Animal, Endothelium, Vascular, Intra-Aortic Balloon Pumping
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