Article: article from journal or magazin.
Arachidonic acid inhibits hormone-stimulated cAMP accumulation in the medullary thick ascending limb of the rat kidney by a mechanism sensitive to pertussis toxin.
The possible regulation of adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) accumulation by arachidonic acid (AA) was studied in segments, microdissected from the rat kidney, which are sensitive to arginine vasopressin (AVP). In the presence of 5 microM indomethacin, the addition of 5 microM AA did not impair AVP-dependent cAMP accumulation (measured during 4 min at 35 degrees C) in the cortical or outer medullary collecting tubule, but decreased this response in the thick ascending limb with an inhibition much more pronounced in the medullary portion (MTAL) than in the cortical portion. In MTAL, the response to 10 nM AVP was inhibited by 34.4 +/- 9.6% (SEM) and 65.8 +/- 5.4% with 1 microM and 5 microM AA, respectively, N = 5 experiments. AVP-, glucagon- and calcitonin-sensitive cAMP levels in MTAL were inhibited by 5 microM AA to a similar extent. AA-induced inhibition was unaffected by the presence of inhibitors of AA metabolism: (1) either 10 microM indomethacin or 50 microM ibuprofen added to all media; (2) a 10-min pre-incubation and a 4-min incubation of MTAL samples with 10 microM eicosa-5,8,11,14-tetrayonic acid, (3) a 1-h preincubation with either 30 microM SKF-525A, 20 microM ketoconazole, or 20 microM nordihydroguariaretic acid. In contrast to AA, 11 other saturated or unsaturated fatty acids had no inhibitory effect on the AVP-dependent cAMP level. In fura-2-loaded MTAL samples, AA induced a slow increase of the intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) which reached 21.0 +/- 3.8 nM and 92.9 +/- 21.4 nM over basal values (n = 11) at 2 min and 4 min, respectively, after the beginning of the superfusion of 5 microM AA. AA-induced inhibition of AVP-dependent cAMP accumulation was due neither to the increase in [Ca2+]i elicited by AA, nor to an activation of protein kinase C because this inhibition: (1) was not blocked when MTAL samples were incubated either in zero Ca2+ medium, or in the presence of 1,2-bis(2-aminophenoxy)ethane-N, N, N', N'-tetraacetic acid (BAPTA) to chelate [Ca2+]i, and (2) it was not reproduced by a pre-treatment of MTAL segments with a phorbol ester. Pre-incubation of MTAL (6 h at 35 degrees C) with 500 ng/ml pertussis toxin (PTX) prevented AA-induced inhibition: in the presence of PTX inhibition was 24.7 +/- 6.6% vs 10 nM AVP, as compared to 81.6 +/- 4.0% in control groups, i.e in the absence of PTX, N = 6.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)
Animals, Arachidonic Acid/antagonists & inhibitors, Arachidonic Acid/pharmacology, Arginine Vasopressin/antagonists & inhibitors, Arginine Vasopressin/pharmacology, Calcium/metabolism, Cyclic AMP/metabolism, Egtazic Acid/analogs & derivatives, Egtazic Acid/pharmacology, Fatty Acids/pharmacology, Kidney Medulla/drug effects, Kidney Medulla/metabolism, Male, Pertussis Toxin, Protein Kinase C/metabolism, Rats, Rats, Wistar, Virulence Factors, Bordetella/pharmacology
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