Article: article from journal or magazin.
Survival-promoting activity of inhibitors of cyclin-dependent kinases on primary neurons correlates with inhibition of c-Jun kinase-1.
Neurobiology of Disease
Publication types: Comparative Study ; Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't ; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.Publication Status: ppublish
Cyclin-dependent kinases and mitogen-activated protein kinases have been implicated in the regulation of cellular survival and apoptosis. We tested the effect of two mitogen-activated/cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors, olomoucine and butyrolactone I, on the in vitro survival of chick embryonic neurons. Sensory, sympathetic, and ciliary neurons, when prepared at their respective time point of programmed cell death, could be rescued from apoptosis by both inhibitors in a dose-dependent fashion. In contrast, dividing sympathetic precursors underwent apoptosis when treated with olomoucine, but not butyrolactone I, at the same range of concentration. With similar potency, olomoucine and butyrolactone I inhibited immunocomplex c-Jun kinase activity. Both substances inhibited neurite outgrowth in a dose-dependent manner; developmentally younger neurons were more sensitive to this effect than older ones. These results suggest that certain mitogen-activated/cyclin-dependent kinases associated with cell division in neuronal precursors (i) may become essential components of the apoptotic machinery by the time neurons reach their phase of naturally occurring cell death and (ii) may be necessary for neurite outgrowth during development.
Animals, Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinases/antagonists & inhibitors, Cell Survival/physiology, Chick Embryo, Cyclin-Dependent Kinases/antagonists & inhibitors, JNK Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases, Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases, Neurons/drug effects
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