Article: article from journal or magazin.
The influence of Bone Morphogenic Protein-2 on the consolidation phase in a distraction osteogenesis model.
Publication types: Journal ArticlePublication Status: ppublish
We asked whether locally applied recombinant-Bone Morphogenic Protein-2 (rh-BMP-2) with an absorbable Type I collagen sponge (ACS) carrier could enhance the consolidation phase in a callotasis model. We performed unilateral transverse osteotomy of the tibia in 21 immature male rabbits. After a latency period of 7 days, a 3-weeks distraction was begun at a rate of 0.5mm/12h. At the end of the distraction period (Day 28) animals were randomly divided into three groups and underwent a second surgical procedure: 6 rabbits in Group I (Control group; the callus was exposed and nothing was added), 6 rabbits in Group II (ACS group; receiving the absorbable collagen sponge soaked with saline) and 9 rabbits in Group III (rh-BMP-2/ACS group; receiving the ACS soaked with 100μg/kg of rh-BMP-2, Inductos(®), Medtronic). Starting at Day 28 we assessed quantitative and qualitative radiographic parameters as well as densitometric parameters every two weeks (Days 28, 42, 56, 70 and 84). Animals were sacrificed after 8 weeks of consolidation (Day 84). Qualitative radiographic evaluation revealed hypertrophic calluses in the Group III animals. The rh-BMP-2/ACS also influenced the development of the cortex of the calluses as shown by the modified radiographic patterns in Group III when compared to Groups I and II. Densitometric analysis revealed the bone mineral content (BMC) was significantly higher in the rh-BMP-2/ACS treated animals (Group III).
Absorbable Implants, Analysis of Variance, Animals, Bone Density/drug effects, Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2/administration & dosage, Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2/pharmacology, Bone Regeneration/drug effects, Bone Regeneration/physiology, Bony Callus/drug effects, Bony Callus/physiology, Collagen Type I, Disease Models, Animal, Dose-Response Relationship, Drug, Male, Osteogenesis, Distraction, Osteotomy, Rabbits, Random Allocation, Recombinant Proteins/administration & dosage, Recombinant Proteins/pharmacology, Tibia/radiography, Tibia/surgery, Time Factors
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