Article: article from journal or magazin.
Effects of lactate on glucose metabolism in healthy subjects and in severely injured hyperglycemic patients.
American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
4 Pt 1
Hepatic glucose production is autoregulated during infusion of gluconeogenic precursors. In hyperglycemic patients with multiple trauma, hepatic glucose production and gluconeogenesis are increased, suggesting that autoregulation of hepatic glucose production may be defective. To better understand the mechanisms of autoregulation and its possible alterations in metabolic stress, lactate was coinfused with glucose in healthy volunteers and in hyperglycemic patients with multiple trauma or critical illness. In healthy volunteers, infusion of glucose alone nearly abolished endogenous glucose production. Lactate increased gluconeogenesis (as indicated by a decrease in net carbohydrate oxidation with no change in total [13C]carbohydrate oxidation) but did not increase endogenous glucose production. In patients with metabolic stress, endogenous glucose production was not suppressed by exogenous glucose, but lactate did not further increase hepatic glucose production. It is concluded that 1) in healthy humans, autoregulation of hepatic glucose production during infusion of lactate is still present when glycogenolysis is suppressed by exogenous glucose and 2) autoregulation of hepatic glucose production is not abolished in hyperglycemic patients with metabolic stress.
Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Blood Glucose/analysis, Critical Illness, Energy Metabolism, Female, Glucose/metabolism, Homeostasis, Humans, Hyperglycemia/etiology, Hyperglycemia/metabolism, Insulin/blood, Lactates/administration & dosage, Lactates/blood, Lactic Acid, Liver/metabolism, Male, Middle Aged, Parenteral Nutrition, Total, Reference Values, Wounds and Injuries/complications
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