Article: article from journal or magazin.
Case report (case report): feedback on an observation with a short commentary.
Arrêt de l'hémodialyse chronique par amélioration de la fonction rénale suite au contrôle de l'hypertension artérielle [Discontinuation of chronic hemodialysis due to improved kidney function caused by the control of arterial hypertension].
Schweizerische Medizinische Wochenschrift
Publication types: Case Reports
Following effective long-term antihypertensive therapy, hemodialysis could be discontinued in 4 patients with malignant hypertension in view of improved renal function. Diagnoses included nephroangiosclerosis (2 cases), scleroderma and chronic glomerulonephritis. All patients had symptoms of hypertension or renal disease for at least one year prior to initiation of hemodialysis treatment. At the outset, blood pressure averaged 249 +/- 43/150 +/- 22 mm Hg (mean +/- SD) and all patients had grade IV hypertensive retinopathy. After 1 to 20 months strict blood pressure control, renal function had improved to such a degree that hemodialysis could be discontinued. One year later, blood pressure averaged 138 +/- 20/89 +/- 6 mm Hg and serum creatinine 3,2 +/- 1,2 mg/100 ml. These data suggest that in hypertensive patients with chronic renal failure, strict control of blood pressure is of the utmost importance whatever the severity and nature of the underlying renal disease.
Adult, Creatinine/blood, Female, Furosemide/therapeutic use, Humans, Hypertension/complications, Hypertension/drug therapy, Male, Middle Aged, Nitroprusside/therapeutic use, Propranolol/therapeutic use, Raynaud Disease/therapy, Renal Dialysis, Renin/blood, Uremia/etiology
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