Article: article from journal or magazin.
Biochemical analysis and immunogenicity of Leishmania major amastigote fractions in cutaneous leishmaniasis.
Clinical and Experimental Immunology
Publication types: Journal Article Publication Status: ppublish
Soluble Leishmania antigen (SLA) from both developmental stages of L. major (L. major MRHO/IR/75/ER) were prepared. Three and five subfractions of SLA from amastigote and promastigote were obtained by fast protein liquid chromatography (FPLC), respectively. Biochemical analyses and comparison of amastigote and promastigote SLA were done. The biochemical analyses revealed that the first fraction of L. major amastigote possesses a distinct band on its electrophoretic mobility pattern corresponding to a position of 24 kD, and it has enzymatic activity with characteristics of a cysteine proteinase. The isolated fractions of amastigote were tested for induction of proliferation, interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) and IL-4 production in cultures of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from individuals who had recovered and also chronic patients of cutaneous leishmaniasis caused by L. major. The cells of recovered individuals compared with chronic cases proliferated profoundly in response to the first fraction of amastigote SLA. In all recovered individuals, the IFN-gamma, but not IL-4, was secreted in response to stimulation with the first fraction of amastigote SLA. In chronic cutaneous leishmaniasis, IFN-gamma was infrequently observed in response to stimulation by all three fractions of amastigote SLA, but secretion of IL-4 was observed. These data indicate that first fraction of amastigote SLA is a strong inducer of primed human immune response to L. major, and may have a protective function.
Animals, Antigens, Protozoan/analysis, Antigens, Protozoan/immunology, Female, Humans, Interferon-gamma/immunology, Interleukin-4/immunology, Leishmania major/immunology, Leishmaniasis, Cutaneous/immunology, Mice, Mice, Inbred BALB C, Mice, Nude
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