Article: article from journal or magazin.
Calibration of dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry for bone density.
Journal of Bone and Mineral Research
Bone mineral content (BMC, g) using DEXA (Lunar DPX) was measured on known hydroxyapatite samples in a water bath in the presence of uniform and nonuniform covering of fat-equivalent materials. Selective placement of paraffin over bone had a greater effect than lard in reducing apparent BMC, and polycarbonate plastic had a lesser effect. Measured BMC was 100.1 +/- 1.1% of actual hydroxyapatite weight when (1) fat over bone was about twice the mass of hydroxyapatite, and (2) the surrounding soft tissue was 15-30% fat. There was a linear relationship between observed and expected BMC, area (cm2), and bone mineral density (BMD, g/cm2) measured on an aluminum phantom using either the Lunar DPX or the Hologic QDR-1000. The measured area with the two densitometers was identical, but BMC differed. For both an anthropomorphic phantom and human subjects, use of a constant-threshold (0.2 g/cm2) edge-detection algorithm excluded less low-density bone from the transverse processes than the standard DPX edge-detection algorithm. Differences in edge detection could influence the results obtained with phantoms and in vivo and make system intercomparison difficult.
Absorptiometry, Photon, Algorithms, Bone Density, Calibration, Humans, Hydroxyapatites, Lipids, Models, Structural, Paraffin, Polycarboxylate Cement
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