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Induction, maintenance, and reinduction of tumoricidal activity in bone marrow-derived mononuclear phagocytes by Corynebacterium parvum. Evidence for the involvement of a T cell- and interferon-gamma-independent pathway of macrophage activation.
Journal of Immunology
Rat bone marrow-derived mononuclear phagocytes, virtually homogeneous with respect to the cell lineage, do not exhibit spontaneous tumoricidal activity in the resting state. When incubated with macrophage-activating lymphokines, rat recombinant interferon-gamma (IFN), or heat-killed Corynebacterium parvum, bone marrow-derived mononuclear phagocytes readily evolve tumoricidal activity. Whereas tumoricidal activity induced by lymphokines and/or rat recombinant IFN-gamma is short-lived, that elicited by C. parvum is maintained for at least 2 wk, provided that the C. parvum organisms are continuously present in the culture. After washing off extracellular organisms, C. parvum-induced tumoricidal activity decays rapidly, suggesting that sustained extracellular stimulation is required for its maintenance. Induction of tumoricidal activity by macrophage-activating lymphokines and/or rat recombinant IFN-gamma is fully prevented by polyclonal and monoclonal anti-IFN-gamma antibodies; in contrast, induction by C. parvum is not affected by anti-IFN-gamma. Since induction of tumoricidal activity by C. parvum takes place irrespective of the presence of anti-Thy-1 antisera or cyclosporin A, T cells and/or their products appear not to be involved in this type of macrophage activation. Accordingly, present findings provide evidence for the existence of lymphokine-independent pathways of macrophage activation.
Animals, Bone Marrow Cells, Cytotoxicity, Immunologic, Immunologic Memory, Interferon-gamma/immunology, Macrophage Activation, Macrophages/immunology, Monocytes/immunology, Neoplasms, Experimental/immunology, Phagocytes/immunology, Poly I-C/pharmacology, Propionibacterium acnes/immunology, Rats, T-Lymphocytes/immunology, Time Factors
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