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Improvement of the radioallergosorbent test (RAST) sensitivity by using an antibody specific for the determinant D epsilon 2
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Journal Article --- Old month value: Jan
A technical modification was introduced by the manufacturer (Pharmacia) of a commercially available RAST, with the use of an anti-IgE antibody specific for the domain epsilon 2 of the IgE molecule. Results of the previous and of the new RAST were compared in 100 patients suffering from bronchial asthma or chronic rhinitis. When the same serum was assayed by both techniques, the new RAST technique disclosed a higher positivity in 26% of the comparisons. The new RAST improved the overall correlation between RAST and skin-tests by 6%: individually by 12% for house dust, 8% for Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus and 15% for animal danders. However, the level of correlation was decreased by 8% for the moulds. In patients with a total IgE concentration larger than 100 PRIST units, the new RAST allowed the demonstration of specific IgE in a number of cases twice as large as the previous technique. Thus, the modification of the RAST provides a more sensitive test, the results of which better correlate with those of other diagnostic methods.
Adolescent Adult Aged Animals Antibody Specificity Antigens, Fungal/immunology Asthma/diagnosis/*immunology *Epitopes Humans Immunoglobulin E/analysis Immunoglobulin Heavy Chains/*immunology Immunoglobulin epsilon-Chains/*immunology Middle Aged Mites/immunology Radioallergosorbent Test Rhinitis, Allergic, Perennial/diagnosis/*immunology Skin Tests
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