Article: article from journal or magazin.
Review (review): journal as complete as possible of one specific subject, written based on exhaustive analyses from published work.
The association of aldosterone with obesity-related hypertension and the metabolic syndrome.
Seminars in nephrology
Publication types: Journal Article ; Review - Publication Status: ppublish
Overweight and obesity are associated with arterial hypertension. Given the large increase in the obesity prevalence worldwide, the number of obese patients with hypertension is likely to increase substantially in the near future. Overweight and obese patients are exposed to an important metabolic and cardiovascular risk. The understanding of the mechanisms linking obesity to hypertension is important for specific prevention and therapy in this population. There is some evidence that obesity is associated with an increased aldosterone level. To date, 2 mechanisms may explain the interaction of fat tissue with the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, and therefore explain, in part, obesity-related hypertension. First, human adipose tissue produces several components of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, mainly adipose tissue-derived angiotensinogen. Second, increased fatty acid production in the obese patient, especially nonesterified fatty acids, might stimulate aldosterone production, independent of renin. A better understanding of these mechanisms might have implications for the management of hypertension in overweight and obese patients. Because aldosterone also is associated with blood glucose and blood lipids, selective aldosterone blockade may represent a particularly attractive therapeutic strategy in obese patients with a clustering of cardiovascular risk factors.
Adipose Tissue, Aldosterone, Animals, Blood Pressure, Humans, Hypertension, Metabolic Syndrome X, Obesity, Prognosis, Risk Factors
Web of science
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