Article: article from journal or magazin.
Unilateral cricothyroid contraction and glottic configuration.
Journal of Voice
Publication types: Journal ArticlePublication Status: ppublish
It is frequently stated that unilateral cricothyroid muscle (CT) paralysis can be diagnosed by physical examination, noting rotation of the glottis, and shortening and vertical displacement of the ipsilateral vocal fold. These signs, however, are inconsistently observed, and there is considerable controversy regarding the direction of glottic rotation. To determine the effects of CT contraction on three-dimensional glottic configuration, we performed computerized tomography on cadaver larynges before and after simulated CT contraction. Radiopaque makers were used to compute distances. Unilateral CT contraction equally increased the length of both membranous vocal folds, and rotated the posterior glottis less than 1 mm. CT contraction neither adducted the vocal processes, nor significantly their altered vertical level. These results suggest that unilateral CT paralysis cannot be diagnosed on the basis of any clinically apparent change in glottal configuration.
Cricoid Cartilage/innervation, Culture Techniques, Glottis/anatomy & histology, Humans, Muscle Contraction/physiology, Thyroid Gland/innervation, Vocal Cords/physiology
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