Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Etude de cas (case report): rapporte une observation et la commente brièvement.
Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy in neurological rehabilitation: a report of six cases.
Disability and Rehabilitation
Date de publication
Case Reports Journal Article --- Old month value: Aug
PURPOSE: This study reports the cases of six patients with severe chronic neurological disability and swallowing difficulties due to traumatic brain injury (TBI), anoxia and multiple sclerosis (MS). METHOD: The patients required nutritional supplement through percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG). RESULTS: Their clinical follow-up showed a decrease of intercurrent medical complications, especially pressure sores. In addition, an improvement of oropharyngeal function was observed in some patients, also accompanied by slightly better basic psychomotor functions such as vigilance, sustained attention and tone or motor control. However, not every patient did improve with this procedure. The two MS patients benefited most, while the improvement was less homogenous in the three TBI patients. CONCLUSIONS: The advantages of PEG over nasogastric tube on oropharyngeal function can be related to the absence of pharyngeal irritation and its role in overall recovery could be due to an increase in social activities, a control of infections, a better rehabilitation schedule and a long-term effect on brain function due to better nutritional support.
Adult, Brain Diseases, Brain Injuries, Deglutition Disorders, Endoscopy, Enteral Nutrition, Female, Gastrostomy, Humans, Hypoxia, Brain, Male, Middle Aged, Multiple Sclerosis, Postoperative Complications
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