A Master's thesis.
Master (thesis) (master)
Antibiotic lock technique combined with systemic antimicrobial therapy for management of port-related bloodstream infections in onco-haematological patients without catheter removal
Université de Lausanne, Faculté de biologie et médecine
Number of pages
Background : Port-related bloodstream infection (PRBSI) is a common complication associated with long-term use of ports systems. Systemic antimicrobial therapy (ST) and removal of the device is the standard management of PRBSI. However, a conservative management combining ST with antibiotic lock therapy (ALT) without port removal has been suggested as an alternative management option for infections due to gram-positive skin colonizers with low virulence.¦Objectives : i) to assess the frequency of management of PRBSI in onco-hematological patients by combining the ALT with ST, without catheter removal and ii) to analyze the efficacy of such an approach.¦Methods : Retrospective observational study over a 6-year period between 2005 and 2010, including patients who where diagnosed with PRBSI and who were treated with ST and ALT. PRBSI diagnosis consisted in clinical signs of bacteremia with blood cultures positive for gram-positive skin colonizers. The primary endpoint was failure to cure the PRBSI.¦Results : 61 port infections were analysed, of which 23 PRBSI met the inclusion criteria. All the patients were suffering from haematological conditions and 75% were neutropenic at the time of PRBSI diagnosis. S. epidermidis was responsible for 91% of PRBSI (21/23). The median duration of ST was 14 days (range 7-35) and the median duration of ALT was 15 days (range 8-41). Failure to cure the PRBSI requiring port removal was observed in 4 patients, but was not associated with severe infectious complications. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed a success rate in port salvage at day 180 (6 months) of 78% (95%CI 59-97%).¦Conclusion : The success rate observed in the present study suggests that combining ST and ALT is an effective option to conservatively treat PRBSI caused by pathogens of low virulence such as S. epidermidis.
Port-related bloodstream infection, Retrospective study
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