Article: article from journal or magazin.
Prévention des adhérences péricardiques avec une membrane biorésorbable [Prevention of pericardial adhesions with a bioresorbable membrane]
Swiss surgery = Schweizer Chirurgie = Chirurgie suisse = Chirurgia svizzera
Publication types: English Abstract ; Journal Article - Publication Status: ppublish
A bioresorbable membrane made of sodium hyaluronate and carboxymethycellulose, has been reported to prevent peritoneal adhesion. This study was designed to test its efficiency in the prevention of pericardial adhesions. Two groups of six pigs (mean weight 72 +/- 8 kg) were chosen for the experiment. The heart was exposed through a left thoracotomy and a wide patch of pericardium was excised. In the test group (n = 6), the left ventricular area without pericardium was divided into two areas: area A where six stitches of Prolene were performed, and area B which was left intact. The membrane was applied on the both areas as well as on the adjacent area covered with pericardium (area C). In the control group (n = 6), the same protocol was performed except for the membrane application. The animals were sacrificed one month later. The adhesion status as well as the visibility of the coronary anatomy was assessed according to severity scores ranging from 0 to 3 for the adhesions and from 0 to 2 for the visibility. The difference between groups was considered significant when p < 0.05. The adhesion score of the area A was 1.7 +/- 0.5 in the test group versus 2.5 +/- 0.5 in the control group (p = 0.02) and the visibility score was 1.3 +/- 0.8 and 2 +/- 0 respectively (p = 0.07). In the area B, the adhesion score was 1 +/- 0 in the test group versus 2 +/- 0.6 in the control group (p = 0.03) and the visibility score was 0.7 +/- 0.5 and 2 +/- 0 respectively (p = 0.001). Lastly, in the area C, the adhesion score was 1 +/- 0 in both groups (n.s.) and the visibility score was 0.7 +/- 0.4 in the test group versus 0.5 +/- 0.5 in the control group (n.s.). In this animal model, the role of the bioresorbable membrane in the prevention of pericardial adhesions is limited to the areas without pericardial cover and without foreign material. The presence of foreign material neutralizes its effect.
Animals, Biocompatible Materials, Heart Diseases, Hyaluronic Acid, Membranes, Artificial, Pericardium, Swine, Tissue Adhesions
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