Article: article from journal or magazin.
Rhumatologie. Canakinumab: un traitement prometteur [Canakinumab: a promising treatment in rheumatology].
Revue Médicale Suisse
Publication types: English Abstract ; Journal ArticlePublication Status: ppublish
In auto-inflammatory diseases, the role of the inflammasome and the interleukine IL-1beta has recently been shown. Thus, the physiopathology of rare diseases as Cryopyrin-associated periodic syndrome (CAPS) is better understood. In the era of biologics, new treatments targeting IL-1 have been developped. Canakinumab is a fully humanized monoclonal antibody inhibiting specifically IL-1beta Clinical studies have shown its efficacy on clinical symptoms and on inflammatory markers in patients with rare diseases such as CAPS or idiopathic juvenile arthritis, but also in more common rheumatic conditions like gout. Canakinumab has been approved in Switzerland only for the treatment of CAPS. Studies evaluating its effect on cardiovascular diseases are ongoing.
Antibodies, Monoclonal/therapeutic use, Arthritis, Gouty/drug therapy, Arthritis, Juvenile Rheumatoid/drug therapy, Biological Markers/blood, Cryopyrin-Associated Periodic Syndromes/drug therapy, Cryopyrin-Associated Periodic Syndromes/immunology, Humans, Inflammasomes/immunology, Inflammation/immunology, Interleukin-1beta/immunology, Rheumatic Diseases/diagnosis, Rheumatic Diseases/drug therapy, Rheumatology/trends, Treatment Outcome
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