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A rapid assay for the coupled cell free generation of oxylipins
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We developed a rapid and simple assay for the coupled in vitro synthesis of oxylipins using free unsaturated fatty acids as substrates. Reactions were catalysed with extracts expressed from living plant tissues. Preliminary experiments involving the cell free transformation of fatty acid hydroperoxides revealed that storage or pretreatment of the plant extract rapidly altered its capacity to catalyse the generation of oxidised fatty acid derivatives. This could reflect changes in oxylipin generation that might take place in situ in damaged plant cells during herbivory. All subsequent experiments were performed without dilution, titration or any other modification of the plant extract prior to its addition to the assay system. The assays were used to study, for the first time, tissue-specific differences in fatty acid transformation to divinyl ethers. Root tissues from tomato efficiently catalysed the formation of corneleic and colnelenic acids from linoleic acid and linolenic acids, respectively, whereas leaf, hypocotyl and cotyledon extracts did not promote the formation of these compounds. We observed the efficient generation of 9-oxo-nonanoic acid from the substrate linolenic acid and speculate that this aldehyde could arise either from the action of hydroperoxide lyase on 9-hydroperoxylinolenic acid or by a novel route involving cleavage of colnelenic acid which was also present among the products of the reaction. A potential role of divinyl ethers as substrates for the generation of toxic aldehydes is discussed
fatty acid, hydroperoxide, colneleic acid, tomato, Lycopersicon esculentum, Solanaceae, roots, octadecanoid
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