Endothelial dependant coronary vasoreactivity measured by 82Rb cardiac PET in obstructive sleep apnea patients before and after CPAP treatment

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_47E5BDFB1E44
Type
Actes de conférence (partie): contribution originale à la littérature scientifique, publiée à l'occasion de conférences scientifiques, dans un ouvrage de compte-rendu (proceedings), ou dans l'édition spéciale d'un journal reconnu (conference proceedings).
Sous-type
Abstract (résumé de présentation): article court qui reprend les éléments essentiels présentés à l'occasion d'une conférence scientifique dans un poster ou lors d'une intervention orale.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Endothelial dependant coronary vasoreactivity measured by 82Rb cardiac PET in obstructive sleep apnea patients before and after CPAP treatment
Titre de la conférence
Joint annual meeting of the Swiss Society of Pneumology, Swiss Society of Pediatric Pneumology, Swiss Society for Thoracic Surgery
Auteur(s)
Heinzer R., Dunet V., Rey V., Beysard N., Delaloye A., Jayet P.-Y., Lovis A., Bonetti A., Prior J.
Adresse
Lausanne, Switzerland, April 28-30, 2010
ISBN
1424-7860
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2010
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
140
Série
Swiss Medical Weekly
Pages
3
Langue
anglais
Notes
Meeting Abstract
Résumé
Introduction: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases. Endothelial dysfunction is believed to be one of the pathophysiological mechanism underlying this association. Our aim was to compare endothelial dependent coronary vasoreactivity in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients and controls by quantifying myocardial blood flow (MBF) response to cold pressure testing (CPT) with 82Rb cardiac PET/CT.
Methods: Twenty-four OSA patients (2W/22M, mean age 58 yo, mean BMI 28.6 kg/m2) with an apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) >30/h and 9 healthy volunteers (AHI <10/h) underwent a full night sleep recording (PSG) and a dynamic 82 Rb cardiac PET/CT scan at rest, during CPT and adenosine stress. In OSA patients the same measurements (PSG and PET/CT) were respeated 6 weeks after initiating continuous positive airway pressure (autoCPAP) treatment. To reflect differences in baseline cardiac work, values were normalized according to ratepressure product (RPP).
Results: At baseline, untreated OSA patients had a mean AHI of 48.8/h and showed a lower MBF response to CPT than controls (1.1 ± 0.2 mL/min/g vs. 1.3 ± 0.4 mL/min/g, P = 0.048). When treated with CPAP, CPT-MBF was not different between controls and well-treated OSA patients (1.2 ± 0.3 mL/min/g vs 1.3 ± 0.4 mL/min/g, P = 0.68), but it was significantly lower for insufficiently treated patients (n = 10) with a residual AHI >10/h (0.9 ± 0.2 mL/min/g vs 1.3 ± 0.4 mL/min/g, P = 0.03). There was also a trend toward a difference in CPT-MBF between insufficiently and well-treated OSA patients (1.2 ± 0.3 mL/min/g vs 0.9 ± 0.2 mL/min/g, P = 0.15).
Conclusion: Untreated OSA patients have an impaired coronary endothelial function as measured by MBF response to CPT compared to control subjects. This difference disappears after 6 weeks of autoCPAP therapy but only in OSA patients showing a good response to CPAP (AHI <10/h). Further studies are needed to determine by which mechanism OSA and CPAP treatment influence coronary vasoreactivity.
Web of science
Création de la notice
06/05/2010 13:53
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 14:54
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