Increased blood glucose variability during therapeutic hypothermia and neurological recovery after cardiac arrest

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_4634E10D7DBA
Type
Actes de conférence (partie): contribution originale à la littérature scientifique, publiée à l'occasion de conférences scientifiques, dans un ouvrage de compte-rendu (proceedings), ou dans l'édition spéciale d'un journal reconnu (conference proceedings).
Sous-type
Abstract (résumé de présentation): article court qui reprend les éléments essentiels présentés à l'occasion d'une conférence scientifique dans un poster ou lors d'une intervention orale.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Increased blood glucose variability during therapeutic hypothermia and neurological recovery after cardiac arrest
Titre de la conférence
23rd Annual Meeting of the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine
Auteur(s)
Villoz N., Delodder F., Feihl F., Urbano L.A., Rossetti A.O., Oddo M.
Adresse
Barcelona, Spain, October 9-13, 2010
ISBN
0342-4642
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2010
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
36
Série
Intensive Care Medicine
Pages
S203
Langue
anglais
Notes
Meeting Abstract
Résumé
INTRODUCTION. Recent studies suggest that increased blood glucose variability (BGV) is associated with ICU mortality1. Hypothermia is known to induce insulin resistance, thus potentially increasing BGV. No studies however have examined the effect of therapeutic hypothermia (TH) on insulin requirements and BGV.
OBJECTIVES. To examine the effect of TH on BGV and its relationship to outcome in patients with coma after cardiac arrest (CA).
METHODS. We prospectively studied 132 consecutive comatose CA patients treated with TH (target core temp 33_C for 24 h, using surface cooling). All patients were treated with intravenous insulin (blood glucose target 6-8 mM), according to a written algorithm, with nurse-driven adjustment of insulin dose. For each patient, standard deviation of repeated blood glucose samples was used to calculate BGV. Two time-points, comparable in duration, were studied: TH (stable maintenance phase, i.e. 6-24 h, core temp ± 33_C) vs. Normothermia (NT, i.e. after rewarming, stable normothermic phase, core temp ± 37_C). Mortality and neurological recovery (Glasgow-Pittsburgh Cerebral Performance Categories, CPC, dichotomized as good = CPC 1-2 vs. poor = CPC 3-5) were assessed at hospital discharge. Statistical analysis was performed with ANOVA for repeated measures.
RESULTS. Compared to NT, TH was associated with increased intravenous insulin dose (0.8 ± 1.1 vs. 1.6 ± 2 U/h, P\0.0001), higher mean (6.9 ± 1.3 vs. 7.7 ± 1.8 mM, P\0.0001) and maximum (9.1 ± 3.7 vs. 10.9 ± 3.6 mM, P\0.0001) blood glucose, and increased BGV (1.3 ± 1.2 vs. 1.7 ± 1.1 mM, P = 0.004). Increased BGV was strongly associated with mortality (2.5 ± 1.5 mM in non-survivors vs. 1.6 ± 1 mM in survivors, P\0.001) and worse outcome (2.3 ± 1.4 mM in patients with poor vs. 1.5 ± 0.8 mM in those with good neurological recovery, P\0.0001).
CONCLUSIONS. Therapeutic hypothermia is associated with increased insulin requirements and higher blood glucose variability,which in turn correlateswithworse prognosis in patientswith post- CA coma. Strategies aimed to maintain stable glycemic profile and avoid blood glucose variability might contribute to optimize the management of TH and may translate into better outcome.
Web of science
Création de la notice
11/11/2010 16:03
Dernière modification de la notice
03/03/2018 16:47
Données d'usage