Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Binding of ²³⁹Pu and ⁹⁰Sr to organic colloids in soil solutions: evidence from a field experiment.
Environmental Science and Technology
Date de publication
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Colloidal transport has been shown to enhance the migration of plutonium in groundwater downstream from contaminated sites, but little is known about the adsorption of ⁹⁰Sr and plutonium onto colloids in the soil solution of natural soils. We sampled soil solutions using suction cups, and separated colloids using ultrafiltration to determine the distribution of ²³⁹Pu and ⁹⁰Sr between the truly dissolved fraction and the colloidal fraction of the solutions of three Alpine soils contaminated only by global fallout from the nuclear weapon tests. Plutonium was essentially found in the colloidal fraction (>80%) and probably associated with organic matter. A significant amount of colloidal ⁹⁰Sr was detected in organic-rich soil solutions. Our results suggest that binding to organic colloids in the soil solutions plays a key role with respect to the mobility of plutonium in natural alpine soils and, to a lesser extent, to the mobility of ⁹⁰Sr.
Adsorption, Calcium/analysis, Carbon/analysis, Colloids/chemistry, Iron/analysis, Plutonium/chemistry, Radiation Monitoring, Silicon/analysis, Soil/chemistry, Soil Pollutants, Radioactive/chemistry, Strontium Radioisotopes/chemistry, Ultrafiltration, Water Pollutants, Radioactive/chemistry
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