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Cutting edge: TCR revision affects predominantly Foxp3 cells and skews them toward the Th17 lineage.
Journal of Immunology
Date de publication
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov'tPublication Status: ppublish. PDF type: review
CD4(+) T cells respond to peripheral endogenous superantigen stimulation by undergoing deletion or TCR revision. The latter involves RAG re-expression, TCR gene rearrangement, and expression of a novel TCR. TCR-revised T cells are functional and express a diverse TCR repertoire. Because TCR revision harbors the potential to create self-reactivity, it is important to explore whether T cells known to be self-reactive (regulatory T cells) or those involved in autoimmunity (Th17 cells) arise from TCR revision. Interestingly, we observed that Foxp3(+) cells are excluded from revising their TCR and that only a small fraction of postrevision cells expresses Foxp3. In contrast, Th17 cells are 20 times more frequent among revised than among C57BL/6 CD4(+) T cells, indicating that postrevision cells are biased toward the Th17 lineage. The link between Th17 differentiation and TCR revision might be highly relevant to the role of Th17 cells in promoting autoimmunity.
Animals, Antigens/immunology, Cell Differentiation, Cell Lineage/immunology, Forkhead Transcription Factors/immunology, Gene Deletion, Mice, Phenotype, Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell/genetics, Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell/immunology, T-Lymphocytes, Helper-Inducer/cytology, T-Lymphocytes, Helper-Inducer/immunology, T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory/cytology, T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory/immunology
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