Article: article from journal or magazin.
Echocardiographic and clinical predictors for outcome of elective cardioversion of atrial fibrillation
American Journal of Cardiology
Journal Article --- Old month value: Jan 15
Previous studies have suggested that success of elective direct-current cardioversion for atrial fibrillation (AF) can be predicted from clinical features and M-mode echocardiographic left atrial diameter. We evaluated clinical variables as well as M-mode and 2-dimensional echocardiographic measurements of atrial size in 85 patients undergoing electrical cardioversion for AF. Of 65 patients who were initially converted to sinus rhythm, 45 (69%) and 38 (58%) remained in sinus rhythm at 1 and 6 months, respectively. No historical feature predicted initial success, although patients with cardiomyopathy or pulmonary disease underlying their AF had significantly lower success rates compared with those having other etiologies. Furthermore, no M-mode or 2-dimensional echocardiographic measurements of atrial size predicted initial success of cardioversion. Maintenance of sinus rhythm at 1 month was related to short duration of AF before cardioversion (less than 3 months vs greater than 12 months, p less than 0.05). Left atrial area and long axis dimension by 2-dimensional echocardiography were significantly larger in patients remaining in sinus rhythm than in those who had reverted to AF at 1 month (28 +/- 7 vs 24 +/- 5 cm2 and 65 +/- 9 vs 59 +/- 8 mm, respectively, both p less than 0.05), but overlap was great. No significant difference in atrial dimensions was noted at 6-month follow-up. It appears that, although no clinical or echocardiographic variable predicts initial success for cardioversion of AF, duration of AF does predict maintenance of sinus rhythm 1 month after initial success.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Aged Atrial Fibrillation/physiopathology/*therapy *Echocardiography *Electric Countershock Electrocardiography Female Follow-Up Studies Heart Atria/pathology Humans Male Middle Aged Retrospective Studies
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