Article: article from journal or magazin.
Intratracheal suctioning in sick preterm infants: prevention of intracranial hypertension and cerebral hypoperfusion by muscle paralysis.
Publication types: Journal Article - Publication Status: ppublish
In a prospective nonrandomized study, using each baby as his or her own control, we compared intracranial pressure (anterior fontanel pressure as measured with the Digilab pneumotonometer), cerebral perfusion pressure, BP, heart rate, transcutaneous Po2, and transcutaneous Pco2 before, during, and after endotracheal suctioning, with and without muscle paralysis, in 28 critically ill preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome. With suctioning, there was a small but significant increase in intracranial pressure in paralyzed patients (from 13.7 [mean] +/- 4.4 mm Hg [SD] to 15.8 +/- 5.2 mm Hg) but a significantly larger (P less than .001) increase when they were not paralyzed (from 12.5 +/- 3.6 to 28.5 +/- 8.3 mm Hg). Suctioning led to a slight increase in BP with (from 45.3 +/- 9.1 to 48.0 +/- 8.7 mm Hg) and without muscle paralysis (from 45.1 +/- 9.4 to 50.0 +/- 11.7 mm Hg); but there was no significant difference between the two groups. The cerebral perfusion pressure in paralyzed infants did not show any significant change before, during, and after suctioning (31.5 +/- 9.1 mm Hg before v 32.0 +/- 8.7 mm Hg during suctioning), but without muscle paralysis cerebral perfusion pressure decreased (P less than .001) from 32.8 +/- 9.7 to 21.3 +/- 13.1 mm Hg. Suctioning induced a slight decrease in mean heart rate and transcutaneous Po2, but pancuronium did not alter these changes. There was no statistical difference in transcutaneous Pco2 before, during, and after suctioning with and without muscle paralysis.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Blood Gas Monitoring, Transcutaneous, Blood Pressure, Cerebrovascular Circulation, Humans, Infant, Newborn, Intermittent Positive-Pressure Ventilation, Intracranial Pressure, Intubation, Intratracheal, Muscles, Pancuronium, Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn, Suction
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