Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
Abstract (Abstract): shot summary in a article that contain essentials elements presented during a scientific conference, lecture or from a poster.
Sleep deprivation induces transcriptional modifications of genes related to astrocyte-neuron lactate shuttle in astrocytes
Title of the conference
10th European meeting on Glial Cells in Health and Disease
Prague, Czech Republic, September 13-17, 2011
Publication type : Meeting Abstract
Astrocytes play a key role in the neurometabolic coupling through the glycogen metabolism and the ''Astrocyte-Neuron Lactate Shuttle'' (ANLS). We previously reported that brain glycogen metabolism was affected by sleep deprivation (SD). Therefore, it is of prime interest to determine if a similar sleep loss also affects the ANLS functioning in astrocytes. To address this issue, we sleep deprived transgenic mice expressing the GFP under the control of the GFAP promoter and in which astrocytes can be isolated by FACS. The levels of expression of genes related to ANLS were assessed by qRT-PCR in the GFP-positive cells (GFPþ). The FVB/NTg( GFAP-GFP)Mes14/j mice were weaned at P20-P21 and underwent an instrumental 6 h SD at P23-P27. The SD was realized using the ''CaResS'' device which has been designed to minimize stress during SD. Control group corresponds to undisturbed mice. At the end of SD, mice were sacrificed and their cerebral cortex was rapidly dissected, cut in small pieces and enzymatically digested. After cell dissociation, GFPþ and GFP- cells were sorted by FACS and treated for RNA extraction. A quantitative RTPCR was realized using specific probes against different genes involved in ANLS. Results indicate that genes encoding the LDHb, the GLT1, the alpha2 subunit of the Na/KATPase pump as well as the GLUT1, were significantly increased in the GFPþ cells from SD mice. No significant change was observed in the GFP- cells from the same group. These results indicate that this approach is suitable to determine the transcriptional signature of SD in glial cells from juvenile animals. They also indicate that sleep loss induces transcriptional changes of genes involved in ANLS specifically in astrocytes. This could suggest that an adaptation of the ANLS at the transcriptional levels exists in pathophysiological conditions where neuronal activity is enhanced.
energy metabolism, glucose,
Web of science
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