Article: article from journal or magazin.
Use of the pyrophosphatase activity as a reliable tonoplast marker in maize roots.
Membranes of maize (Zea mays L., cv LG 11) roots were fractionated by sucrose (in presence or absence of Mg2+) or dextran density gradient centrifugations and the locations of organelles were determined using marker enzymes. Latent UDPase was used as a Golgi marker, catalase for the peroxysomes, cytochrome c oxidase for the mitochondria, UDP-Gal-galactosyltransferase for the amyloplast membranes and NADH-cytochrome c reductase for the ER. Two markers were selected for the plasmalemma, the vanadate-sensitive ATPase and UDP-Glc-sterolglucosyltransferase. The distributions of the PPase and vacuolar ATPase were found to be similar after density gradient centrifugation. The PPase and vacuolar ATPase activities were clearly separated from almost all the other markers tested, however, a partial association of both activities with the ER cannot be completely ruled out. The PPase of maize roots is more active and easier to measure than the vacuolar ATPase and is therefore an excellent candidate for use as a tonoplast marker.
ATPase, pyrophosphatase, marker enzymes, tonoplast, root, Zea mays L.
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