Article: article from journal or magazin.
Severe neonatal centronuclear (myotubular) myopathy: an X-linked recessive disorder.
Helvetica Paediatrica Acta
Prenatal onset and rapidly fatal course of centronuclear myopathy are described in four male newborns including two brothers. Diagnosis was established by muscle biopsy within the first week of life in two and at autopsy in the two other patients: Central nuclei, central aggregation of oxydative enzyme activity in the majority of muscle fibers and type 1 fibre hypotrophy were demonstrated. Prenatal manifestation included polyhydramnios, reduced fetal movements and breech presentation. All four newborns developed respiratory insufficiency requiring artificial ventilation immediately after birth. Severe muscular weakness and hypotonia as well as hardly elicitable grasping, deep tendon reflexes and Moro response were noticed. Additional findings included high arched palate, joint contractures, thin ribs, lung hypoplasia, abundant skin and cryptorchidism. In two families, the pedigree contains other affected males, suggesting X-linked inheritance. Seven female carriers were clinically healthy and one of them showed normal muscle histology. Fourteen previously published neonatal cases of centronuclear myopathy are reviewed and compared with our findings. This severe perinatal form of centronuclear myopathy has to be considered in male fetuses and newborns with polyhydramnios and respiratory failure due to muscular weakness or in infants who died of unexplained postnatal asphyxia. Diagnosis should be established by muscle biopsy.
Heterozygote Detection, Humans, Infant, Newborn, Linkage (Genetics), Male, Muscles/pathology, Muscular Diseases/genetics, Muscular Diseases/mortality, Pedigree, X Chromosome
Last modification date