Article: article from journal or magazin.
Comparison of surgical repair with balloon angioplasty for native coarctation in patients from 3 months to 16 years of age.
European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Publication types: Comparative Study ; Journal Article
OBJECTIVE: Surgery and balloon angioplasty (BA) for coarctation of the aorta have shown comparable short-term results, but long-term follow-up remains unclear. Comparison of surgical repair and balloon coarctation for native coarctation of the localised membranous form is performed retrospectively. To allow a valid comparison between both techniques, identical inclusion criteria were applied. METHODS: Results of surgery (group A, 18 patients, age 0.30-14 years, median 0.63 years) and BA (group B, 28 patients, age 0.25-15 years, median 5.8 years) for isolated, native coarctation in children >3 months, performed in a 10-year-period, were compared. Kaplan-Meier analysis was performed in both groups. Mean follow-up ranged from 2.5 to 11 years (mean 7.2+/-2.4 years) in group A and from 1.4 to 10 years (mean 5.4+/-2.8 years) in group B. RESULTS: Immediate success was obtained in all patients following surgery and 27/28 patients (96%) following BA. No statistical difference between surgery and angioplasty with respect to resultant pressure gradient decreases were found. Mortality was not encountered. Hospital stay varied from 6 to 20 days in group A and was 48 h for all patients in group B. Recoarctation occurred in one patient (5.6%) in group A and in two patients (7%) in group B. Log-rank test reveals no statistical difference in freedom from reintervention probabilities between surgery and angioplasty. Aneurysm formation was not encountered. CONCLUSIONS: Both surgical repair and BA for native coarctation yield low reintervention probabilities in comparable patients. Aneurysm formation was not encountered following different treatment types.
Adolescent, Angioplasty, Balloon, Aorta, Thoracic/physiopathology, Aortic Coarctation/surgery, Aortic Coarctation/therapy, Child, Child, Preschool, Follow-Up Studies, Humans, Infant, Length of Stay, Pulsatile Flow, Recurrence, Retrospective Studies, Treatment Outcome
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