Article: article from journal or magazin.
Growth disturbance following metaphyseal bending fractures of the proximal tibia--an experimental study in the mini pig
Zeitschrift fur Kinderchirurgie
Journal Article --- Old month value: Oct
Based on our clinical experience, we postulate that the unilateral "posttraumatic genu valgum" develops on the grounds of an unreduced primary valgus deformity. This induces a disturbance of the consolidation on the medial aspect of the fracture. Subsequently, a partial medial stimulation of the epiphyseal plate develops resulting in a secondary valgus deformity. We succeeded in proving experimentally this postulate using the Mini Pig as an experimental model. We investigated 33 tibiae of 17 Mini Pigs. With radiological follow-up studies we were able to show that the operatively created primary valgus deformity induces an increased valgus deformity of functional significance. This is a model of the unreduced fracture in men. However, the transection of the pes anserinus and the periost per se did not provoke a significant valgus formation. Based on these experimental results and our clinical findings we postulate the following treatment for the metaphyseal bending fractures of the proximal tibia in men: 1. Accurate, usually conservative, reduction of any primary valgus malposition of the fracture. 2. Retention of the corrected position of the tibia in a plaster cast. 3. Compression of the medial aspect of the fracture to prevent disturbance of consolidation and subsequent development of valgus deformity.
Animals Bone Plates Female Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods Leg Length Inequality/radiography/*surgery Male Osteotomy/methods Postoperative Complications/radiography/*surgery Swine Swine, Miniature Tibia/radiography/surgery Tibial Fractures/radiography/*surgery Wound Healing/physiology
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