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Gamma Knife, CyberKnife, TomoTherapy: gadgets or useful tools?
Current Opinion in Neurology
Purpose of reviewThis review provides information and an update on stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) equipment, with a focus on intracranial lesions and brain neoplasms.Recent findingsGamma Knife radiosurgery represents the gold standard for intracranial radiosurgery, using a dedicated equipment, and has recently evolved with a newly designed technology, Leksell Gamma Knife Perfexion. Linear accelerator-based radiosurgery is more recent, and originally based on existing systems, either adapted or dedicated to radiosurgery. Equipment incorporating specific technologies, such as the robotic CyberKnife system, has been developed. Novel concepts in radiation therapy delivery techniques, such as intensity-modulated radiotherapy, were also developed; their integration with computed tomography imaging and helical delivery has led to the TomoTherapy system. Recent data on the management of intracranial tumors with radiosurgery illustrate the trend toward a larger use and acceptance of this therapeutic modality.SummarySRS has become an important alternative treatment for a variety of lesions. Each radiosurgery system has its advantages and limitations. The 'perfect' and ubiquitous system does not exist. The choice of a radiosurgery system may vary with the strategy and needs of specific radiosurgery programs. No center can afford to acquire every technology, and strategic choices have to be made. Institutions with large neurosurgery and radiation oncology programs usually have more than one system, allowing optimization of the management of patients with a choice of open neurosurgery, radiosurgery, and radiotherapy. Given its minimally invasive nature and increasing clinical acceptance, SRS will continue to progress and offer new advances as a therapeutic tool in neurosurgery and radiotherapy.
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