A Master's thesis.
Master (thesis) (master)
Prevalence and clinical significance of small joint synovitis detected by ultrasonography in axial SpA
Université de Lausanne, Faculté de biologie et médecine
Number of pages
Objectives:¦The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of subclinical small joint synovitis detected by ultrasonography in patients with axial SpA, and to evaluate their relevance in terms of function or and disease activity.¦Methods:¦Forty axial SpA patients, 40 RA and 20 healthy subjects were evaluated by ultrasonography, using a reproducible semi-quantitative score by B-mode and Doppler, for synovitis, while disease activity and function were assessed using validated instruments (DAS28, BASDAI, BASFI, m-SACRAH and HAQ).¦Results:¦Median B-mode score were respectively 8.2 for axial SpA, 11.5 for RA and 6.0 for healthy subjects, corresponding to a prevalence of clinical significant synovitis of respectively 37.5%, 60% and 11% for a level of significance at > 8 chosen to¦classify as active > 75% of RA patient with DAS28 >2.6 and < 10% of controls. Addtionally, Doppler was positive in 8% of SpA, 30 % of RA and none of the healthy subjects. Echographic synovitis correlated with disease activity (DAS28) and function¦(HAQ, mSACRAH) in RA patients, but no correlation were found for SpA patients with disease activity (BASDAI) or function (BASFI, HAQ, mSACRAH). Cases of synovitis using classification by Doppler positivity were insufficient to allow any¦statistical analysis.¦Conclusions:¦B-mode ultrasonographic evaluation can demonstrate subclinical synovitis in almost 40% of SpA patients, but they do not appear to correlate with disease activity or function on the contrary to what is observed in RA patients, representing potentially different processes
axial spondylarthritis, ultrasonographic synovitis, small joint synovitis, function, m-SACRAH
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