Thelytokous parthenogenesis and its consequences on inbreeding in an ant.

Détails

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Etat: Public
Version: de l'auteur
ID Serval
serval:BIB_24AE8F4626E9
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Thelytokous parthenogenesis and its consequences on inbreeding in an ant.
Périodique
Heredity
Auteur(s)
Pearcy M., Hardy O., Aron S.
ISSN
0018-067X
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2006
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
96
Numéro
5
Pages
377-382
Langue
anglais
Résumé
Thelytokous parthenogenesis, that is, the production of diploid daughters from unfertilized eggs, may involve various cytological mechanisms, each having a different impact on the genetic structure of populations. Here, we determined the cytological mechanism of thelytokous parthenogenesis and its impact on inbreeding in the ant Cataglyphis cursor, a species where queens use both sexual and asexual reproduction to produce, respectively, workers and new queens. It has been suggested that thelytokous parthenogenesis in C. cursor might have been selected for to face high queen mortality and, originally, to allow workers to replace the queen when she passes away. We first determined the mode of thelytokous parthenogenesis by comparing the rate of transition to homozygosity at four highly polymorphic loci to expectations under the different modes of parthenogenesis. Our data show that thelytoky is achieved through automictic parthenogenesis with central fusion. We then estimated the proportion of colonies headed by worker-produced queens in a natural population. We designed a model linking the observed homozygosity in queens to the proportion of queens produced by workers, based on the assumption that (i) parthenogenesis is automictic with central fusion and (ii) queen lineage is asexually produced, resulting in an increase of the inbreeding over generations, whereas workers are sexually produced and therefore not inbred. Our results indicate that more than 60% of the colonies should be headed by a worker-produced queen, suggesting that queen's lifespan is low in this species.
Mots-clé
Animals, Ants/genetics, Female, Inbreeding, Male, Meiosis, Parthenogenesis/genetics, Ploidies
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Oui
Création de la notice
19/11/2007 9:50
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 13:02
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