Gender, Family and Employment in Comparative Perspective : The Realities and Representations of Equal Opportunities in Britain and France

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Ressource 1Télécharger: Journal of European Social Policy-2000-Crompton-Le Feuvre-334-48.pdf (71.90 [Ko])
Etat: Serval
Version: de l'auteur
ID Serval
serval:BIB_241A3F5544C7
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Gender, Family and Employment in Comparative Perspective : The Realities and Representations of Equal Opportunities in Britain and France
Périodique
Journal of European Social Policy
Auteur(s)
Crompton R., Le Feuvre N.
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2000
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
10
Numéro
4
Pages
334-348
Langue
anglais
Résumé
In this paper, we will explore how contrasting national discourses relating to women, and gender equality have been incorporated into and reflected in national policies. In the first section, we will outline the recent history of EU equal opportunities policy, in which positive action has been replaced by a policy of 'mainstreaming'. Second, we will describe the evolution of policies towards women and equal opportunities in Britain and France. It will be argued that whereas some degree of positive action for women has been accepted in Britain, this policy is somewhat alien to French thinking about equality - although pro-natalist French policies have resulted in favourable conditions for employed mothers in France. In the third section, we will present some attitudinal evidence, drawn from national surveys, which would appear to reflect the national policy differences we have identified in respect of the 'equality agenda'. In the fourth section, we will draw upon biographical interviews carried out with men and women in British and French banks in order to illustrate the impact of these cross-national differences within organizations and on individual lives. We demonstrate that positive action gender equality policies have made an important impact in British banks, while overt gender exclusionary practices still persist in the French banks studied. In the conclusion, we reflect on the European policy implications of our findings.
Mots-clé
Égalité, Genres, Opportunités égales
Création de la notice
16/11/2009 21:20
Dernière modification de la notice
09/05/2018 7:08
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