Article: article from journal or magazin.
Review (review): journal as complete as possible of one specific subject, written based on exhaustive analyses from published work.
Free-living amoebae: Biological by-passes in water treatment.
International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Free-living amoebae constitute reservoirs for many bacteria including not only well-known pathogens but also emerging pathogens responsible for respiratory diseases, and contribute to the protection, survival and dissemination of these bacteria in water systems, despite the application of disinfection or thermal treatments. In this article we review the available information on the presence of free-living amoebae and amoebae-resisting bacteria in drinking water systems, on the factors that contribute to their presence in the water and/or the biofilms, on the possible control measures and their effectiveness, and we identify some gaps in current knowledge needing further research.
natural aquatic environments, drinking-water, resisting bacteria, legionella-pneumophila, amoebal coculture, hartmannella-vermiformis, seasonal distribution, pathogenic naegleria, distribution-systems, mycobacterium-avium
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