Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
Abstract (Abstract): shot summary in a article that contain essentials elements presented during a scientific conference, lecture or from a poster.
Congenital Myasthenic Syndromes with COLQ mutations: Long term follow-up
Title of the conference
16th International Congress of the World Muscle Society
Algarve, Portugal, October 18-22, 2011
Publication type : Meeting Abstract
Congenital myasthenic syndromes (CMS) are clinically and genetically heterogeneous inherited disorders characterized by impaired neuromuscular transmission. Mutations in the acetylcholinesterase (AChE) collagenlike tail subunit gene (ColQ) cause recessive forms of synaptic CMS with end plate AChE deficiency. We report the time course of clinical manifestations in 15 COLQ-mutated patients followed from 1987 to 2010. All patients suffered from a muscle weakness with onset at birth or in childhood. Ocular and bulbar signs were found in 60% of the patients and delayed pupillary light response in 20% of our patients. EMG study demonstrated a decrement on repetitive nerve stimulation and repetitive compound muscle action potential in all patients. Clinical symptoms strongly fluctuated daily, weekly, monthly or even yearly. Severe relapses were characterized by a general motor weakness associated with pain which resolved spontaneously after a few months whereas the relapses with these symptoms and bulbar signs could last up to several years. Genetic analyses identified 16 different mutations including 9 novel ones. There was no genotype-phenotype correlation. Our study confirms the predominance of oculobulbar signs and the frequency of respiratory distress in COLQrelated CMS. At the end of the follow up of 23 years, interesting findings were (i) the spontaneous reversibility of severe relapses, some of them lasting for up to 5 years (ii) the good prognosis of COLQ-related CMS, since at the end of the follow-up 80% of patients were ambulant and 87% of patients had no respiratory trouble (iii) the efficacy of Ephedrine and, to a lesser extend, of 3-4 DAP. The triggering factors of relapses were esterase inhibitors, effort, puberty, pregnancy and delivery highlighting the importance of hormonal factors in CMS. In conclusion, patients diagnosed with unknown congenital myopathy should undergo an electrophysiological study of neuromuscular junction to identify ColQ-related CMS.
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