Article: article from journal or magazin.
Intermethod comparisons of active sampling procedures and analysis of aldehydes at environmental levels.
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Within the framework of a European interlaboratory exercise, the Vito facility for the generation of controlled atmospheres was used to test the suitability of four sampling techniques for priority aldehydes namely formaldehyde, acrolein, acetaldehyde, and glutaraldehyde at the ranges of 0.5 to 150 microg x m(-3). The samplers are DNPH-containing impingers, DNPH-impregnated cartridges and filters, and 2-HMP coated XAD-2 tubes. The three first DNPH samplers are to be analyzed by HPLC and the latter by GC-MS for the oxazolidine derivatives. The intermethod comparison comprises two to five sets of experiments depending on the compounds of interest. The aim of the exercise was also to assess the chemical interferences caused by ozone, nitrogen dioxide, and ammonia when using different techniques for sampling and analysis. The active DNPH method (with minor modifications such as shorter sampling time, immediate elution after sampling, and/or eventually wetting of samplers) delivered results within the 30% overall relative uncertainty for formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, and acrolein at the upper microg x m(-3) levels. However, the results suggest that the current DNPH methods for aldehydes do not comply with the 30% minimum performance criteria at the sub microg x m(-3) level. Sampling of aldehydes in the presence of ozone and NO2 interferences by using a "scrubber" cartridge appears to be beneficial to the quality of results.
aldehydes/analysis , chemistry, Analytical/methods , Analytic Sample Preparation Methods , Sampling Bias
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