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Functional analysis of the post-transcriptional regulator RsmA reveals a novel RNA-binding site.
Journal of Molecular Biology
The RsmA family of RNA-binding proteins are global post-transcriptional regulators that mediate extensive changes in gene expression in bacteria. They bind to, and affect the translation rate of target mRNAs, a function that is further modulated by one or more, small, untranslated competitive regulatory RNAs. To gain new insights into the nature of this protein/RNA interaction, we used X-ray crystallography to solve the structure of the Yersinia enterocolitica RsmA homologue. RsmA consists of a dimeric beta barrel from which two alpha helices are projected. From structure-based alignments of the RsmA protein family from diverse bacteria, we identified key amino acid residues likely to be involved in RNA-binding. Site-specific mutagenesis revealed that arginine at position 44, located at the N terminus of the alpha helix is essential for biological activity in vivo and RNA-binding in vitro. Mutation of this site affects swarming motility, exoenzyme and secondary metabolite production in the human pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa, carbon metabolism in Escherichia coli, and hydrogen cyanide production in the plant beneficial strain Pseudomonas fluorescens CHA0. R44A mutants are also unable to interact with the small untranslated RNA, RsmZ. Thus, although possessing a motif similar to the KH domain of some eukaryotic RNA-binding proteins, RsmA differs substantially and incorporates a novel class of RNA-binding site.
Amino Acid Sequence, Bacterial Proteins/chemistry, Bacterial Proteins/genetics, Binding Sites, Crystallography, X-Ray, Gene Expression Regulation, Bacterial, Humans, Models, Molecular, Molecular Sequence Data, Phenotype, Point Mutation, Protein Structure, Tertiary, RNA/metabolism, RNA-Binding Proteins/chemistry, RNA-Binding Proteins/genetics, Repressor Proteins/chemistry, Repressor Proteins/genetics, Sequence Alignment, Yersinia enterocolitica/genetics, Yersinia enterocolitica/metabolism
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