Article: article from journal or magazin.
Dynamic visual information plays a critical role for spatial navigation in water but not on solid ground.
Behavioural Brain Research
In the Morris water maze (MWM) task, proprioceptive information is likely to have a poor accuracy due to movement inertia. Hence, in this condition, dynamic visual information providing information on linear and angular acceleration would play a critical role in spatial navigation. To investigate this assumption we compared rat's spatial performance in the MWM and in the homing hole board (HB) tasks using a 1.5 Hz stroboscopic illumination. In the MWM, rats trained in the stroboscopic condition needed more time than those trained in a continuous light condition to reach the hidden platform. They expressed also little accuracy during the probe trial. In the HB task, in contrast, place learning remained unaffected by the stroboscopic light condition. The deficit in the MWM was thus complete, affecting both escape latency and discrimination of the reinforced area, and was thus task specific. This dissociation confirms that dynamic visual information is crucial to spatial navigation in the MWM whereas spatial navigation on solid ground is mediated by a multisensory integration, and thus less dependent on visual information.
animals , avoidance learning/physiology , behavior, animal/physiology , male , maze learning/physiology , nonlinear dynamics , orientation/drug effects , orientation/physiology , rats , rats, long-evans , reaction time/physiology , space perception/physiology , spatial behavior/physiology
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