Article: article from journal or magazin.
Nanoparticle reactivity toward dithiothreitol
Hazard determination of nanoparticles (NP) is challenging and should be based on a predictive and pragmatic tier approach. The biological effects of NP appear to be related not only to surface/size but also to their ability to generate free radicals/oxidants. We propose that the measurement of this property by acellular assays could be helpful for NP toxicity screening. This study investigated the effect of dispersing conditions on the oxidative capacity of a small selection of carbonaceous NP toward dithiothreitol (DTT). Increasing surfactant concentration decreased the DTT reactivity on these studied particles. Afterward, a panel of NP were studied under constant conditions. Classification of the NP panel based on their DTT reactivity was found to be dependent on the metric used (mass or surface) but not on the surfactant type. The DTT assay may be useful for an initial evaluation of the hazardousness of manufactured or unintentionally produced NP. However, the predictive potential of such a test towards biological effects still needs to be evaluated. [Authors]
Dithiothreitol , Nanoparticles , Surface-Active Agents , Soot
Web of science
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