Article: article from journal or magazin.
Case report (case report): feedback on an observation with a short commentary.
Detection and characterization of mitochondrial DNA rearrangements in Pearson and Kearns-Sayre syndromes by long PCR.
Publication types: Case Reports ; Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't Publication Status: ppublish
We used a strategy based on long PCR (polymerase chain reaction) for detection and characterization of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) rearrangements in two patients with clinical signs suggesting Pearson syndrome and Kearns-Sayre syndrome (KSS), respectively, and one patient with myopathic symptoms of unidentified origin. Mitochondrial DNA rearrangements were detected by amplification of the complete mitochondrial genome (16.6 kb) using long PCR with primers located in essential regions of the mitochondrial genome and quantified by three-primer PCR. Long PCR with deletion-specific primers was used for identification and quantitative estimation of the different forms of rearranged molecules, such as deletions and duplications. We detected significant amounts of a common 7.4-kb deletion flanked by a 12-bp direct repeat in all tissues tested from the patient with Pearson syndrome. In skeletal muscle from the patient with clinical signs of KSS we found significant amounts of a novel 3.7-kb rearrangement flanked by a 4-bp inverted repeat that was present in the form of deletions as well as duplications. In the patient suffering from myopathic symptoms of unidentified origin we did not detect rearranged mtDNA in blood but found low levels of two rearranged mtDNA populations in skeletal muscle, a previously described 7-kb deletion flanked by a 7-bp direct repeat and a novel 6.6-kb deletion with no repeat. These two populations, however, were unlikely to be the cause of the myopathic symptoms as they were present at low levels (10-40 ppm). Using a strategy based on screening with long PCR we were able to detect and characterize high as well as low levels of mtDNA rearrangements in three patients.
Adolescent, Adult, DNA, Mitochondrial/genetics, Female, Gene Rearrangement/genetics, Hemosiderosis/genetics, Humans, Infant, Newborn, Kearns-Sayre Syndrome/genetics, Lipid Metabolism, Inborn Errors/genetics, Liver Cirrhosis, Biliary/genetics, Male, Mitochondrial Myopathies/genetics, Muscle, Skeletal, Organ Specificity, Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods, Repetitive Sequences, Nucleic Acid/genetics, Sequence Deletion/genetics, Syndrome
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