Inproceedings: An article in a conference proceedings.
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Exploration of immune competencies of viral-specific CD8+T cells in MS patients using tetramers and functional CTL assays
Title of the conference
Annual Congress SGAI-SSAI, Advances in immunology and allergology: from research to diagnosis and therapy
Lugano, Switzerland, March 17-18, 2011
Introduction: Epstein-Barr Virus(EBV) has been repeatedly associatedwith multiple sclerosis (MS). Wehave previously shown that there is ahigh peripheral as well as intrathecalactivation of EBV-, but not cytomegalovirus(CMV)-specific CD8+ Tcells, early in the course of MS,strengthening the link between EBVand MS. However, the trigger of thisincreased EBV-specific CD8+ T cellresponse remains obscure. It could resultfrom a higher EBV viral load. Alternatively,it could be due to an intrinsicallydeficient EBV-specificCTL response, cytotoxic granulesmediated.Thus, we performed anin-depth study of the phenotype of exvivo EBV- and CMV-specific CD8+T cells in MS patients and control patients,assessing their cytotoxic activity.Methods:We analyzed the profileof cytotoxic granules in EBV- andCMV-specific CD8+ T cells in a cohortof 13 early MS patients, 20 lateMS, 30 other neurological diseases(OND) patients and 7 healthy controlsubjects. Ex vivo analysis of EBV- orCMV-specific CD8+ T cells was performedusing HLA class I/tetramercomplexes coupled to CCR7 andCD57 markers in conjunction withperforin, granzymes A, BandKstaining.In a sub-cohort of MS patientsand controls, cytotoxic activity ofEBV- and CMV-specific CD8+ Tcells was investigated using a functionalCFSE CTL assay. Results: UsingHLA Class I tetramers for EBVand CMV, we found that the frequencyof EBV- or CMV-specificCD8+ T cells were similar in all studysubjects. Most of EBV- and CMVspecificCD8+Tcells were highly differentiated(CCR7-) and a variousproportion expressed the exhaustionmarker CD57. MS and OND patientshad increased perforin expression inEBV-specific CD8+ T cells. Most importantly,we found that MS patientswith longer disease duration tended tohave lower CTL cytotoxicity as comparedto earlyMSpatients or controls.Conclusions: Effector EBV-specificCD8+ T cells are increased in earlyMS, however their cytotoxic granuleprofile does not seem to be fully alteredand the cytotoxic activity ofthese cells is normal. However, thecytotoxic activity of CTL decreasedin late MS patients suggesting an exhaustionof EBV-specific CD8+ Tcells possibly due to EBV reactivation.This work was supported by theSwiss National Foundation PP00B3-124893, the Swiss Society for MS,and the Biaggi Foundation to RADP.
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