Achievement Goals, Reasons for Goal Pursuit, and Achievement Goal Complexes as Predictors of Beneficial Outcomes: Is the Influence of Goals Reducible to Reasons?

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Ressource 1Télécharger: Sommet_and_Elliot_2017_JEdP_Accepted.pdf (1182.25 [Ko])
Etat: Public
Version: de l'auteur
ID Serval
serval:BIB_1A58522486A0
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Achievement Goals, Reasons for Goal Pursuit, and Achievement Goal Complexes as Predictors of Beneficial Outcomes: Is the Influence of Goals Reducible to Reasons?
Périodique
Journal of Educational Psychology
Auteur(s)
Nicolas Sommet, Andrew J.  Elliot
Statut éditorial
In Press
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Résumé
In the present research, we proposed a systematic approach to disentangling the shared and unique variance explained by achievement goals, reasons for goal pursuit, and specific goal-reason combinations (i.e., achievement goal complexes). Four studies using this approach (involving nearly 1,800 participants) led to three basic sets of findings. First, when testing goals and reasons separately, mastery(-approach) goals and autonomous reasons explained variance in beneficial experiential (interest, satisfaction, positive emotion) and self-regulated learning (deep learning, help-seeking, challenging tasks, persistence) outcomes. Second, when testing goals and reasons simultaneously, mastery goals and autonomous reasons explained independent variance in most of the outcomes, with the predictive strength of each being diminished. Third, when testing goals, reasons, and goal complexes together, the autonomous mastery goal complex explained incremental variance in most of the outcomes, with the predictive strength of both mastery goals and autonomous reasons being diminished. Comparable results were observed for performance(-approach) goals, the autonomous performance goal complex, and performance goal-relevant outcomes. These findings suggest that achievement goals and reasons are both distinct and overlapping constructs, and that neither unilaterally eliminates the influence of the other. Integrating achievement goals and reasons offers the most promising avenue for a full account of competence motivation.
Mots-clé
Achievement goal, autonomous and controlled reasons, Self-Determination Theory, achievement goal complex
Création de la notice
28/03/2017 21:16
Dernière modification de la notice
21/08/2019 6:08
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