Article: article from journal or magazin.
Pulse oximetry in pediatric intensive care: comparison with measured saturations and transcutaneous oxygen tension.
Journal of Pediatrics
Publication types: Comparative Study ; Journal Article
We evaluated a new pulse oximeter designed to monitor beat-to-beat arterial oxygen saturation (SaO2) and compared the monitored SaO2 with arterial samples measured by co-oximetry. In 40 critically ill children (112 data sets) with a mean age of 3.9 years (range 1 day to 19 years), SaO2 ranged from 57% to 100%, and PaO2 from 27 to 128 mm Hg, heart rates from 85 to 210 beats per minute, hematocrit from 20% to 67%, and fetal hemoglobin levels from 1.3% to 60%; peripheral temperatures varied between 26.5 degrees and 36.5 degrees C. Linear correlation analysis revealed a good agreement between simultaneous pulse oximeter values and both directly measured SaO2 (r = 0.95) and that calculated from measured arterial PaO2 (r = 0.95). The device detected several otherwise unrecognized drops in SaO2 but failed to function in four patients with poor peripheral perfusion secondary to low cardiac output. Simultaneous measurements with a tcPO2 electrode showed a similarly good correlation with PaO22 (r = 0.91), but the differences between the two measurements were much wider (mean 7.1 +/- 10.3 mm Hg, range -14 to +49 mm Hg) than the differences between pulse oximeter SaO2 and measured SaO2 (1.5% +/- 3.5%, range -7.5% to -9%) and were not predictable. We conclude that pulse oximetry is a reliable and accurate noninvasive device for measuring saturation, which because of its rapid response time may be an important advance in monitoring changes in oxygenation and guiding oxygen therapy.
Adolescent, Adult, Child, Child, Preschool, Critical Care, Hemodynamics, Humans, Infant, Infant, Newborn, Monitoring, Physiologic, Oximetry, Oxygen, Pulse, Skin, Time Factors
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