Article: article from journal or magazin.
Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition by hydroxamic zinc-binding idrapril in humans.
Journal of cardiovascular pharmacology
Publication types: Clinical Trial ; Journal Article ; Randomized Controlled Trial - Publication Status: ppublish
The new angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor idrapril acts by binding the catalytically important zinc ion to a hydroxamic group. We investigated its pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic properties in 8 healthy men: Increasing doses of 1, 5, and 25 mg idrapril as well as placebo or 5 mg captopril were administered intravenously (i.v.) at 1-week intervals. Six of the subjects received 100 mg idrapril orally (p.o.) last, and two ingested oral placebo as a double-blind control. Blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) remained unchanged. No serious side effects were observed. ACE inhibition in vivo was evaluated by changes in the ratio of specifically measured plasma angiotensin II (AngII) and AngI concentrations determined by high-performance liquid chromatography/radioimmunoassay (HPLC/RIA) techniques. Plasma ACE activity in vitro was estimated by radioenzymatic assay; it was suppressed by > or = 93% at 15 min after injection of 25 mg idrapril or 5 mg captopril and by 96% 2 h after idrapril intake. Mean AngII levels were decreased dose dependently at 15 min after idrapril injections. At the same time, plasma renin activity (PRA) and AngI increased according to the doses. The AngII/AngI ratio was clearly related to plasma idrapril levels (r = -0.88, n = 60). Oral idrapril inhibited ACE maximally at 1-4 h after dosing, when < 7% of initial ACE activity was observed in vitro and in vivo. Idrapril is a safe and efficient ACE inhibitor in human subjects. It is well absorbed orally. Besides having a slightly slower onset of action, idrapril has pharmacodynamic effects comparable to those of captopril.
Adult, Angiotensin II, Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors, Captopril, Cyclohexanecarboxylic Acids, Double-Blind Method, Humans, Hydroxylamines, Male, Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A, Renin, Zinc
Web of science
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