Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
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Canakinumab Reduces The Risk Of Acute Gouty Arthritis Flares During Initiation Of Allopurinol Therapy: Results Of A Double-blind, Randomised Study
Title of the conference
2011 AAAAI Annual Meeting, American Academy of Allergy Asthma and Immunology
San Francisco, California, March 18-22, 2011
Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Publication type : Meeting Abstract
RATIONALE: This study assessed the efficacy and safety of canakinumab, a fully human anti-interleukin-1beta monoclonal antibody, for prophylaxis against acute gouty arthritis flares in patients initiating uratelowering therapy.METHODS: In this double-blind, double-dummy, dose-ranging study, 432 patients with gouty arthritis initiating allopurinol therapy were randomised 1:1:1:1:1:1:2 to receive: a single dose of canakinumab, 25, 50, 100, 200, or 300 mg subcutaneously (sc); four 4-weekly doses of canakinumab (50150125125 mg sc); or daily colchicine 0.5 mg orally for 16 weeks. Patients recorded details of flares in diaries. The study aimed to determine the canakinumab dose having equivalent efficacy to colchicine 0.5 mg at 16 weeks.RESULTS: A dose-response for canakinumab was not apparent with any of the four pre-defined dose-responsemodels. The estimated canakinumab dose with equivalent efficacy to colchicinewas belowthe range of doses tested.At 16 weeks, therewas a 62-72% reduction in themean number of flares per patient for canakinumab doses >50 mg vs colchicine based on a negative binomial model (rate ratio: 0.28-0.38, p50.0083), and the percentage of patients experiencing >1 flarewas significantly lower for all canakinumab doses (15- 27%) vs colchicine (44%, p<0.05). Therewas a 64-72%reduction in the risk of experiencing >1 flare for canakinumab doses >50 mg vs colchicine at 16 weeks (hazard ratio: 0.28-0.36, p50.05). The incidence of adverse events was similar across treatment groups.CONCLUSIONS: Single canakinumab doses >50 mg or four 4-weekly doses provided superior prophylaxis against flares compared with daily colchicine 0.5 mg.
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